Chapter 5:

Jesus Christ
"the one through whom all things are"

Of all men who have ever lived, surely it was Jesus of Nazareth who changed the course of history the most. Yet he was born poor, never became wealthy, and never had political power, in fact, the powerful men of his time had him executed. Yet he has influenced the lives of billions. Many loving deeds have been done in his name; much cruel warfare has been waged in his name. Just who was this man?

Was Jesus A Man?

So devoutly has Jesus been followed that he has been deified; many do not think of him as a man, but as God incarnate, God in the flesh. This reminds us of the devotion some give to Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. "Avatars", gods in the form of men, are also prominent in Hinduism. Is that what Jesus was?

What does the Bible say? It says that Jesus was "sent by God" from heaven to the earth to accomplish a mission (see John 8.42.) For other missions, God would send angels. Sometimes these would appear in what seemed to be solid bodies, but when their mission was done, they would simply vanish (for example, see Acts 12.4-11). Jesus came in a completely different way: he was put as a fertilized egg into the womb of a virgin girl named Mary. She gave birth to him after the usual nine months, and he was born a helpless infant, requiring parental care. In other words, Jesus was truly a human being. He had a childhood. —see the account at Luke 1.26-38, 2.1-7, 39-52.

Some say that we are all sent by God that way, that every baby is an angel sent down from heaven to be born. The Bible does not teach that. Jesus’ conception is definitely presented as highly unusual, not at all like ours. And Jesus himself plainly said: "You are from the realms below; I am from the realms above. You are from this world; I am not from this world." (John 8.23) So although Jesus was truly human, he, unlike us, had a life in heaven before he came here.* —see also John 17.5, 8.58, 3.13.

His foster father, Joseph, was a carpenter. Later, Jesus was referred to as a carpenter; no doubt Joseph taught him his trade, as was customary at the time. His mother went on to have other children naturally by her husband Joseph, so Jesus was part of a large family. —Mark 6.2, 3.

In his ministry, Jesus often called himself "the Son of man," emphasizing the fact that he was truly human. (Matt 16.13-16) He was also called "Son of David," because both Joseph and Mary were descendants of the first faithful king of Israel, David. (see Matt 1.6-16, Luke 3.23-31) This is important, because God had promised David that one of his descendants would inherit his throne, or kingdom, and then his kingdom would endure forever. Jesus by birth had a natural right to inherit it. —Ps 89.3, 4, 33-37, Luke 1.31-33.

Jesus’ Prehuman Existence

Jesus was truly a human being while he was here. But what position had he held among the angels in heaven during his life there? The Bible reveals that he was the foremost of God's creation, and worked directly alongside God himself.. As we pointed out in the previous chapter, he was not equal to God. The correct view is clear from Jesus’ own words in prayer to his Father at John 17:1-5: “Jesus spoke these things, and, raising his eyes to heaven, he said: ‘Father, the hour has come; glorify your son, that your son may glorify you, just as you have given him authority over all flesh... This means everlasting life, their coming to know you, the only true God, and of the one whom you sent, Jesus Christ. I have glorified you on the earth, having finished the work you have given me to do. So now, Father, glorify me at your side with the glory that I had alongside you before the world was.’”

Notice that here Jesus calls his Father “the only true God” and mentions himself separately as the “one whom you sent” and as the one to whom God had “given authority over all flesh.” It is not possible to give God authority: he already has it all. So, Jesus cannot be God. He then asks God to “glorify me at your side with the glory I had alongside you before the world was.” This tells us that Jesus held a very special position in heaven, and it had been his for a very long time— since before there were people on Earth.

The apostle John makes clear just how special this position was with his inspired description of Jesus’ prehuman glory at John 1.1-18. In reading that, note particularly verse 3: “All things came into existence through him, and apart from him not even one thing came into existence.” Does that mean what it appears to mean? Yes: This one whom God sent down to be a humble man for a time and to die, had been alongside his Father since before all other creation, including every angel, every galaxy, yes, the whole universe! And he had served in the creating of all these other things.

Does that mean that Jesus himself was not created, that he has always existed, the same as God? (Ps 90.2) No, John did not say that. In the Revelation (also written by John), Jesus calls himself "the beginning of the creation by God." (Rev 3.14) That is, he himself was the first created being. So, at Colossians 1.15-19 Paul calls him "the firstborn of all creation." —see also Prov 8.22-31.

At John 1.1-18 there are three more important things to note. First, Jesus is called "the Word." Why? This was a title familiar to people of Bible times. In many places a king would not allow visitors to present their issues directly before him. Rather, the king would have a trusted servant listen to them, then come in to relate the matter to him. Then the king would use the same man to convey his response. This position was called "the Word" (or spokesman) of the king. Certainly with regard to man at least, God has used Jesus this way. (John 12.49, 50) That is one reason why Jesus said we should pray to the Father "in his name," that is, in Jesus’ name. (John 16.23-28) And it helps us understand why he said, "No one comes to the Father except through me." (John 14.6) We will explain another reason why this is particularly true later in this chapter. —see Matt 11.27, also compare Exodus 4.16, 7.1, 2.

The second thing to note at John 1.1 is the fact that most Bibles read "...and the Word was God." Careful research into Greek grammar* has proven that it is more accurate to translate that as "the Word was divine" or "like God" or "a god", and a few Bibles read accordingly. Those who insist that Jesus is part of a Trinity, despite the many other scriptures that prove otherwise, rely heavily on an imperfect translation. That makes tradition dictate scripture instead of scripture establishing tradition. Which would you prefer?

The third thing to note is in verse 18. There John says that the Son is "close to the Father's side." Or it can be translated, "in the bosom" of the Father. What would that mean? This was a familiar term in John’s day. It survives today in the expression "bosom companion" or "bosom buddy", a dearest friend. This tells us something about the emotional ties that bind Jehovah with his first Son. We too can be so close to God: scripture likens us to sheep, loved by God as our shepherd, who cares for us by holding us close to his bosom. (Isa 40.10,11). Do you believe that? Do you feel it? If not, do you want to?

Similar to John 1.1-18 is Hebrews 1.1-13. In reading that, note that Paul does not say Jesus is God, but that he ‘sat down at God’s right hand’. There is no greater position of honor with God than that.

Note also Jesus is said to be "the brightness of his glory and the express image of his [God’s] person." (Heb 1.3, AV) Jesus is called the "image of God" twice more in the Bible (2 Cor 4.4, Col 1.15). 1st Corinthians 11.7 helps us to understand what this means. There, an expression very similar to Hebrews 1.3 is applied Yes, lowly man is said to bear God’s image. As was discussed in Chapter 4, we were created to resemble God in spiritual qualities or virtues (although we do not do so very well at present). But Jehovah’s firstborn Son does so to the perfect degree. Just as man is obviously not God, neither is Jesus; but if we get to know Jesus, we can at the same time learn much about his Father. That is why Jesus could say "He that has seen me has seen the Father also." —John 14.8-10.

Because of the greatness of Jesus’ power and glory alongside God, surely he must be the Archangel. That is a Greek term, meaning "chief angel", the angel above all the others. By definition there can be only one. The archangel is mentioned only a few times in the Bible, but he is described as doing things that other verses say Jesus would do (for example, rescuing God’s people and defeating Satan). (Rev 12.7-9, Daniel 10.13, 12.1.) The archangel is named Michael. That does not prove he is not Jesus, since it is not unusual for a person to have more than one name. "Jesus" is particularly the name of God’s Son while he was on earth, and means "Jehovah is salvation." Salvation for mankind was one of the main reasons Jesus was sent here. "Michael" translates as a challenging question, "Who is like God?", which fits the role in which he is seen, a mighty warrior for God’s honor.

Why Jesus Was Sent To Earth

The mission which Jesus was sent to accomplish was of utmost importance. Two things were at stake: the honor of God’s name and the rescue of mankind from death. In the garden of Eden, Satan had reached out to seize equality with God. Jesus would do exactly the opposite: he would submit to his Father’s will at great sacrifice to himself. By this one act he would accomplish both parts of his mission. How? —Phil 2.6, 7.

As was discussed in Chapter 2, Satan had slandered God, calling him a liar. He said, in effect, that men could do better without God. After both Adam and Eve followed him, he could then add the claim that humans are incapable of obeying God. Satan says that men of dust cannot be expected to live by God’s standards, because God is unreasonably strict. No one, he says, can resist a little temptation or pressure; no one will choose to be loyal to God. God could not point to Adam and Eve as proof that Satan was wrong. Nor can he point to us, even though we try to do right; we inevitably make mistakes and fall short of complete obedience. And Satan smugly smirks.—Gen 3.1-7, Job 1.8-11.

Jehovah knew that he had created Adam perfect. Yes, Adam had been designed to be able to obey without fail. But he had also been made a free moral agent, which means he was free to choose to disobey. Adam chose to break away from God. Actions have consequences; in breaking free of his Creator, Adam did harm to himself. He became damaged, imperfect.* So Adam could not pass on to us, his children, a perfection he no longer had. That is why none of us are able to obey God perfectly, even when we earnestly try. Jehovah recognizes and accepts our efforts to please him, but only another perfect man could prove by actually doing it that mankind, as designed by God, can really obey Him without fail. —see Deut 32.4, 5, Job 14.4.

Our imperfection shows itself in a tendency to make mistakes, to not think straight. It also shows up in our bodies in the form of physical defects and lack of resistance to disease. It causes aging, which ends in death. The Bible states all this very succinctly at Romans 5.12: “Through one man sin entered into the world and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men because they had all sinned.” Notice it uses the word "sin". There are two basic kinds of sin: the imperfection we are born with is called sin, and any wrong act that we commit is sin (compare Ps 51.4, 5). The word itself means "to miss the mark," in other words, to be imperfect.

Notice that if Adam had not sinned, he would not have died. Death came upon mankind only due to disobedience; God had created them to keep on living forever— if they would respect their Creator. (Unlike man, animals apparently are designed to have a limited lifespan; their natural death is not due to sin.)

Now Adam could not simply apologize and get back all that he had lost. He had created a "debt", so’s to speak, that had to be repaid. How had he done that? Remember, Adam did not belong to himself; he belonged to God. So when he "stole" himself away, he "owed" himself back. But there was a problem: he was no longer the man he used to be; he was damaged. The only way he could give himself completely back, and be personally "even" with God, was by dying.

This helps us to understand why God was pleased with Abel’s sacrifice of lambs from his flock (Gen 4.4) and why He later required animal sacrifices in the Law Covenant with the nation of Israel (Lev 5.5-10, 16.3, 5, 14-16, 34). God explains: “For the soul of the flesh is in the blood, and I myself have put it upon the altar for you to make atonement for your souls, because it is the blood that makes atonement by the soul in it.” (Lev 17:11) According to this, the animal’s blood was the symbol of, or equal to, the entire life-value or "soul" of the animal. The Hebrew word here translated "atonement" literally means "exchange" or "cover". So God was saying he would accept the blood of animals in place of or as a substitute for the souls of the ones offering the sacrifices. Their sinfulness would be "covered" or forgiven, and they would not have to die.

But, of course, the life-value of an animal is not really as great as the life-value of a man. Paul plainly says: "it is not possible for the blood of bulls and of goats to take sins away." (Heb 10:4) Why, then, did God require it? Paul explains: "by these sacrifices there is a reminding of sins from year to year." The Law requirements were meant to act as a tutor, teaching the Jews that everyone owes a precious debt to God: his own life. —Heb 10:1-3.

That we all pay our personal debt to God when we die Paul states at Romans 6.7: (AV) "He that is dead is freed from sin." So once we are dead, we no longer owe God anything, and he owes us nothing either. But that is not a happy solution, because in being dead, we are no longer alive.

That seems rather obvious, but how many people think that dead people are still alive? Most religions say that. But God had told Adam: ‘Because you ate from the tree concerning which I gave you this command, “You must not eat from it,” you will return to the ground. Dust you are, and to dust you will return.’ No hope of an afterlife was held out to him. (For more information, see Chapter 10.) —Gen 3.17-19.

Of course, we’d rather not be dead. As Paul himself said: “Miserable man that I am! Who will rescue me from the body undergoing this death?” —Romans 7.24.

No amount of money can pay this debt. Even by our death, we do not pay off Adam’s debt, merely our own little part of it. Our death does not redeem our brother. This point is made at Psalm 49.6-9: “Those who are trusting in . . . their riches, not one of them can redeem even a brother, nor give to God a ransom for him; (the redemption price of their soul is so precious, it is always beyond their reach;) that he should live forever and not see the pit.”

Yes, as the scripture says, there is a "redemption price" or "ransom", but it is a precious one. What was owed to God was what Adam took away: one perfect human life, perfectly faithful, perfectly loyal, perfectly obedient. This perfect man would have to be tested, tempted, pressured. Yes, he would have to prove faithful to death. That would release the whole debt, it would set us all free from the death Adam gave us. It would also honor God by proving that Satan is wrong in saying that it cannot be done.

God is just in requiring the debt to be paid; anything less would excuse the rebellion that caused the problem. But we could never produce a perfect human to pay this debt for us. We were in an impossible bind! But now think: How would you feel if you found people starving in poverty, begging for relief, unable to help themselves? Would your heart go out to them, even if it was the foolish irresponsibility of their forebears that caused their poverty? Would you try to help, even if some of these people distrusted you and resisted your effort to help? Our Father is more merciful than we are. Jehovah could not leave all humankind to slowly perish. But what could he do, and still uphold responsibility, as he should?

The Bible answers: “God loved the world so much that he gave his only-begotten Son, so that everyone exercising faith in him might not be destroyed but have everlasting life. For God sent his Son into the world, not for him to judge the world, but for the world to be saved through him.” Yes, “the Son of man came to minister and to give his soul as a ransom in exchange for many.” —John 3:16, 17, Matt 20:28; read also Heb 2:9, 14, 15, 1 John 4:9, 10, Romans 5:18, 19, 1 Cor 15:22, John 6:38-40.

It is important to note that Jehovah did not pay the redemption price to himself. He sent his Son, but it was up to Jesus to give himself up as a perfect sacrifice. Jesus was not compelled to do this for mankind. He willingly accepted the assignment. He was glad to do it for his Father’s honor, and for our salvation. Notice what he says: “This is why the Father loves me, because I surrender my soul...No man has taken it away from me, but I surrender it of my own initiative.” (John 10.17) Yes, “although he was existing in God’s form, he emptied himself and took a slave’s form and came to be in the likeness of men. More than that, when he found himself in fashion as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient as far as death, yes, death on a execution post.” —Phil 2.7, 8.

So, “who will rescue me from the body undergoing this death?” Paul answered: “Thanks to God through Jesus Christ our Lord!” —Rom 7.24, 25.

This gives us the other reason why Jesus said, “No one comes to the Father except through me.” Without that debt being paid, we had no right to approach God. When we pray, we must acknowledge Jesus’ faithful death in our behalf; Jehovah requires it. —Acts 4.12, Eph 2.1-5, 13, 18.

Truly, Jesus is the one "through whom all things are." Jehovah is the Father, the loving Source of all life, the one true God over all. But it was through His Son that He made all things, and it is through His Son that He is giving us life again. —1 Cor 8.6, Eph 1.9, 10.

How to Benefit from the Ransom

But we are still getting old, sick and dying! When and how do we benefit from our redemption? Must we do anything to benefit from it? Yes, we do. John 3.16 above said that those exercising faith have everlasting life. If we choose to be self-willed and disobedient like Adam, we are choosing his penalty also. If we show ourselves appreciative of the sacrifice Christ made for us, we are declared free of Adam’s sin. What an incredible liberation! If we really understand what this means for us, we will never turn back again! —Rom 5.6-9.

How do we show ourselves appreciative? Jesus could not have put it more simply: “You are my friends if you do what I am commanding you.” And what does he command? “This is my commandment, that you love one another just as I have loved you.” (John 15.12-14) This means we must learn to be selfless, to be compassionate, to be giving, to be humble. Never would we cheat anyone or lie or steal. Never would we use another person for our own pleasure or profit and then discard them when we had gotten what we wanted. Never would we scream at, abuse or humiliate another. —Eph 4.31, 32.

Such goodness is not always easy. If we fail at times—WHEN we fail at times—Jesus pleads for us, his friends, before his Father, to remember the sacrifice that covers our imperfection. (1 John 2.1-6, Rom 8.34, Hebrews 4.15, 16) To obtain this help, we have to feel true regret for our sin, and make serious efforts to avoid repeating it. —Acts 2.37, 38, 3.19; see also Matt 6.14, 15, 22.37-39, Gal 5.19-24.

Of course, there is much more to being a Christian. By paying that debt for us and rescuing us from certain death, Jesus has become our Owner, or Lord. “You do not belong to yourselves,” Paul wrote to the Corinthians, “for you were bought with a price.” (1 Cor 6.19, 20) By purchase, Jesus now owns all mankind, and he can do with us as he pleases. He is pleased to give us everlasting life, if we accept our position as his property. —see John 5.22-24, 3.35, 36, 1 Cor 7.22, 23, 2 Thess 1.7-9, Heb 5.9.

Like his Father, Jesus has tender love for us. We can hear it in his words as he taught the people, we can see it in his compassion as he cured their afflictions. As we read his story in the gospels, our appreciation for that love should become so deep that we abandon our selfish aims in life and give ourselves over to living in the way that he leads us. 2 Cor 5:14, 15 says: “For the love the Christ has compels us, because this is what we understand, that one man died for all... and he died for all that those who live should live no longer for themselves, but for him who died for them and was raised up.”

This involves more than being a nice person. It involves work! As you learn about God and his purposes, you will acquire very important knowledge that your friends and neighbors also need to know. If we love them like Jesus does, we will do as he did: go to them and share with them what we have learned. They will receive you the same as the people received him: some believed him, and others wanted to kill him. It takes both love and courage to speak out as a Christian. —see Mark 8.34-38, Matt 10.16-40. More on this in Chapter 14, Choose the Way of Life.

We must not misunderstand, as some do, Jesus’ command to love one another. Remember, in showing us how to love, Jesus did not kill for us; he died for us. He did not try to kill his enemies, not even those who attacked him. Jehovah protected him until the time came to finish his assignment. Then, Jesus submitted meekly to death at the hands of wicked men. It is possible for the same to happen to us; we need to be prepared to follow him and do as he did. —Matt 26.49-54, John 19.10, 11, 1 Pet 2.21-23.

Does that mean he would stand idly by if other people were being attacked? There is no record of this happening in his presence, but certainly the people were being exploited and downtrodden. Did he take up arms against the oppressors? No. Rather, he taught a way of life that rendered the oppression of little effect: contentment with bare necessities, faith in God’s sustaining care, hope for a future day of reckoning. By forbidding violent armed resistance, he removed any excuse the wicked might have for mistreating the people. And he made sure that the oppressors’ wickedness was widely exposed. Those who were trying to hide under a cloak of piety found it stripped away, their perfidy laid open for all to see. —Matt 9.36; 5.39-44, 6.19-34, 23.1-4, 23, 27, 28, 33-36; see also Romans 12.18-21, James 1.20.

This brings us to the other part of his assignment, his mission on earth: to proclaim the truth, to proclaim "liberty to those taken captive and the wide opening of the eyes to the prisoners." He said: “I must declare the good news of the Kingdom of God, because for this I was sent forth.” What is this "kingdom" that he was proclaiming? —Isa 61.1, 2, Luke 4.17-19, 43.

King of God’s Kingdom

The Jews had been expecting and awaiting the arrival of the Kingdom of God for many centuries. The prophet Daniel had foretold that “the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be defeated, nor taken over by any other people. It will crush and put an end to all other kingdoms, and it alone will stand forever.” (Dan 2.44) This conquering kingdom was to be ruled by the Messiah, which is Hebrew for the "Chosen One," that is, the one whom God chose. (see Dan 7.13, 14.) In Greek the word is "Khristos", or Christ. This Christ would sweep aside all evil and establish benevolent rule over all the earth. —Isa 11.1-9.

Would this really ever happen? Yes! Jesus said: “You must pray, ‘Our Father in the heavens, let your name be honored above all. Let your kingdom come. Let your will take place, as in heaven, also upon earth.’” Jesus demonstrated the power this Kingdom will have by working miracles, using holy spirit given to him by his Father. The four books that tell the story of Jesus’ life, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, give eyewitness accounts of the miracles he performed. As a sampling, please read Lu 5.12-17, 6.17-19, 7.11-17, 8.43-48, Mark 6.56. In these please note the compassion and kindness Jesus expressed to the people he helped.

These miracles, as wonderful as they were, did not have permanent effect. Those cured did continue aging, and finally died. But Jesus’ miracles proved that he was sent by God, that he really was the Messiah. And his miracles proved that God’s power can solve all human afflictions. So the Kingdom, when it finally would come, really would accomplish all that was foretold; yes, it was real.

Jesus’ disciples were intensely interested in knowing when this kingdom would arrive. They were convinced Jesus was the Christ (see Matt 16.15, 16) and they were expecting him to rise up and bring it at any moment. In this they were sadly mistaken. Imagine their horror when Jesus was arrested and murdered! Jesus had carefully explained to them that that had to occur first, but their eagerness to see the Kingdom come had blinded them to what he was saying. —Luke 19.11, 18.31-34.

Mission Accomplished!

Jesus Christ died, giving his life as a "ransom" or redemption price to buy back for mankind what Adam had lost. His mission on earth was finished. What then?

The disciples were confused and fearful. When Jesus was arrested, they fled and hid. They then came and watched helplessly as he died on the execution post. But notice what Jesus said as he died: “Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit!” (Luke 23.46, John 19.30) What would his loving Father do with that spirit, or life-force, that went out of his Son that terrible day?

After Jesus died, he was quickly put in a nearby tomb. The hour was late and the Sabbath was about to begin, a day on which no work could be done. But early the day after the Sabbath, women came to prepare his body for a proper burial. They found the tomb had been opened! The body was gone! Had his murderers committed the final indignity? For the answer, read John’s touching account of that morning at John 19.38-20.18.

Jesus was alive! But how? The Bible is very clear: God raised him up out of death "on the third day". (Matt 16.21, 1 Cor 15.3, 4) No, he had not ascended directly from his body when he died; he was raised up from the tomb where he had been laid. He had been truly dead for a little while. —compare Rev 1.17, 18, 2.8.

After his resurrection, for forty days he frequently reappeared to his disciples, strengthening their faith that he was indeed alive. But he was no longer natural flesh and blood; God had given him a spirit body, as he had had before coming to earth. (John 20.19, 1 Pet 3.18, 1 Cor 15.43-48) Finally the time came for him to return to his Father. So that his followers would clearly know he was leaving, he ascended up into the clouds while they watched, then vanished. —see Acts 1.3-11.

Ten days later, as the disciples were gathered together, the holy spirit that Jesus had promised to send came upon them. This gave them ability to speak foreign languages, so that the good news about the Christ could be quickly spread abroad. (see Acts 1.8, 2.1-13.) Then Peter addressed the crowd and revealed where Jesus now was: “This Jesus God resurrected, of which fact we are all witnesses. Therefore because he was exalted to the right hand of God and received the promised holy spirit from the Father, he has poured out this which you see and hear. Actually David did not ascend to the heavens, but he himself says, ‘Jehovah said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I place your enemies as a stool for your feet.”’ Therefore let all the house of Israel know for a certainty that God made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you impaled.” —Acts 2:32-36.

Yes, Jesus had regained the mighty position that he had had before being sent to the earth. The time had come for his Father to answer his request at John 17.4, 5. But he had been given more than that. The Bible says: “For this very reason also God exalted him to a superior position and kindly gave him the name that is above every [other] name, so that in the name of Jesus every knee should bend of those in heaven and those on earth and those under the ground, and every tongue should openly acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father.” (Phil 2:9-11) “He raised him up from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above every government and authority and power and lordship and every name named, not only in this system of things, but also in that to come. He also subjected all things under his feet, and made him head over all things to the congregation.” (Eph 1:20-22) “He is at God’s right hand, for he went his way to heaven; and angels and authorities and powers were made subject to him.” (1 Pet 3:22) After being raised up, Jesus himself said: “All authority has been given me in heaven and on the earth.” —Matt 28:18.

Finally, Paul writes: “For it is not to angels that he has subjected the inhabited earth to come, about which we are speaking. But a certain witness has given proof somewhere, saying: ‘What is man that you keep him in mind, or the son of man that you take care of him? You made him a little lower than angels; with glory and honor you crowned him, and appointed him over the works of your hands. All things you subjected under his feet.’ For in that he subjected all things to him God left nothing that is not subject to him. Now, though, we do not yet see all things in subjection to him; but we behold Jesus, who has been made a little lower than angels, crowned with glory and honor for having suffered death, that he by God’s undeserved kindness might taste death for every man.” —Heb 2:5-9.

From all of this it is clear that Jesus had been elevated to a position of active power. He had been given the title-deed, as it were, to be King of the Kingdom. He had been given authority to act as ruler in the affairs of men. But his Father, Jehovah, remained head over all (1 Cor 11.3). And Jehovah has a schedule mapped out as to when certain actions should take place; as an obedient Son, Jesus follows that schedule. And so we see Paul saying above, “Now, though, we do not yet see all things in subjection to him.” And later he says, “But this man offered one sacrifice for sins perpetually and sat down at the right hand of God, from then on awaiting until his enemies should be placed as a stool for his feet.” (Heb 10:12,13)

Even today we look around and see many enemies not yet subdued. So the question has to be asked, when will Christ come in Kingdom power and destroy his enemies, as foretold so long ago? Is there any way to know when it is due? How does this Kingdom arrive? And how will it rule? These matters are taken up in our next two chapters, "Let Your Kingdom Come" and "The Kingdom of God is Near!"

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Review for Chapter 5